All about the Thailand-EU Voluntary Partnership Agreement

Of Thailand’s 51.1 million hectares of land, 16.4 million hectares (32.1%) are forested. Natural forests account for 41% of Thailand forest cover, naturally regenerated forests 35%, and planted forests 24%, the highest plantation figure in Southeast Asia. More than half of the plantations are rubber plantations managed by smallholders. Logging in natural forests has been banned since 1989.

The government plans to increase forest cover to 40% by stimulating tree planting by smallholders and revising major regulations of the forestry sector. A revised Forest Act, a new National Land Act (Khor Thor Chor) and a Community Forest Bill, published in April/May 2019, indicate this. 

Thailand is a regional manufacturing hub for wood products. While importing large amounts of pulp and paper and high-quality timbers, Thailand is also the world's largest producer of rubberwood products. The country is an important supplier of sawn wood, wood-based panels and wooden furniture to consumer markets in Asia such as China, Vietnam, South Korea and Japan. Timber trade with the EU was worth USD 267 million in 2014, while export of all wood and paper products (including furniture) totalled USD 4,384 million.

The formal VPA process between the Government of Thailand and the EU started in late 2013. After preparatory technical work, the first official negotiations took place in June 2017, followed by second negotiations in July 2018. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is the lead ministry in the VPA negotiations. Technical work is done by a multi-stakeholder working group chaired by the Director General of the Royal Forest Department.
For more information, visit the Thai-EU FLEGT secretariat (TEFSO) website

VPA status

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Get answers to some common questions on the Thailand-EU Voluntary Partnership Agreement.

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Related links 

All about what is a VPA and how it is structured.

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Navigate the map to find out about past and ongoing FLEGT projects around the world.

The knowledge sharing platform for development cooperation of the European Commission where you can share, learn and collaborate with development professionals.

All about the EU Timber Regulation that aims to reduce illegal logging by ensuring that no illegal timber or timber products can be sold in the EU.