Demand-side measures to reduce illegal timber trade


Lessons learned from the EU FLEGT Action Plan and ways forward



Demand-side measures to reduce trade in illegal timber have been implemented by private sector and public sector actors in major consumer markets. Measures include private sector voluntary codes of practice, trade association codes, public procurement policies and legal requirements.

Participants in this seminar will explore demand-side measures, share implementation experiences, reflect on the limitations of some measures and consider the benefits of combining different measures and related tools. 



  • Participants learn about market policies and regulations, demand-side measures and implementation tools.
  • Participants learn lessons from a broad variety of procurement agents and market regulators and share implementation experiences.
  • Participants explore ways forward to better use demand-side measures to achieve the goals of the Action Plan.


Who is in it?

Jie Chen, State Forestry Administration

Chen focuses on forest product trading and investment, especially forest certification and timber legality. She has contributed to the development of China's Timber Legality Verification Scheme and Standard and the Chinese Due Diligence System, providing her expertise in international and national forestry policy and her insight into China's timber manufacturing sector.


Emily Unwin, Client Earth

Unwin is a lawyer with ClientEarth, an EU based, public-interest environmental law organisation. She leads ClientEarth's work on addressing the drivers of deforestation, which focuses on supporting the improved design and operation of relevant EU laws. Working in the EU and internationally, over the last three years Unwin has had a particular focus on the implementation and operation of the EU Timber Regulation in the EU, and on communicating its implications and the opportunities it creates for government, industry and civil society internationally. This work also aims to support legal reform in forest governance, and in particular the role of civil society in that reform, especially in the context of Voluntary Partnership Agreements. She has previously worked as a commercial, corporate and regulatory lawyer and she holds degrees in Geography, Law and International Environmental Law.

Thorsten Hinrichs, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Food

Hinrichs is a forester working at Germany's Federal Ministry for Agriculture and Food since 1997. He has been responsible for different topics, from forest reproductive material to rural development. Since 2010 he has been working at the European and International Forest Policy division. He is in charge of the EU Forest Policy and one of his main tasks is the national implementation of the FLEGT Regulation and the EU Timber Regulation.


Laura Furones, EU FLEGT Facility

Furones is a governance and communications expert at the EU FLEGT Facility. She has worked on forest governance and human rights for more than15 years, with a focus on multi-stakeholder processes, policy development, international advocacy and capacity building. She has extensive experience in forest-rich countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia, and has previously worked with Global Witness, where she pioneered Independent Forest Monitoring initiatives in Honduras and Nicaragua, implemented an international project calling for increased transparency in the forest sector, and engaged on climate change negotiations. She holds an MSc in Conservation and a degree in Environmental Sciences.

Robert Busink, Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs

Busink is senior policy advisor international forest policy affairs at the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs. He was involved as lead negotiator in negotiating the EU timber Regulation (2007-2010) and its implementation (2010-2012). In addition to these activities he was also involved in discussions on forest finance and in negotiations on Legally Binding Agreement on Forest In the Paneuropean region. Last year he was Chair of the International Tropical Timber Council, the governing body of the International Tropical Timber Agreement. He is currently chair of the FAO European Forestry Commission. Busink is tropical forester. He trained at Wageningen Agriculture University.

Meriam Wortel, Netherlands Food and Consumer product safety authority

Wortel has more than 13 years' experience working on CITES, first as an inspector in the field and now as a policy and enforcement officer. Since 2011 she has worked on implementing FLEGT and the EU Timber Regulation in the Netherlands. Implementing the legislation, developing a compliance strategy, training and supporting the inspectors, as well as analysing data and planning inspections on a risk based approach. She has also lead the cooperation with other EU competent authorities and other governments and the development of the FLEGT inspection plan together with customs. 

Christian Sloth, NepCon

Jane Feehan, European Investment Bank

Feehan is a forest sector and natural resource management specialist who works on the European Investment Bank's portfolio of investments in the forestry and agriculture sectors. Throughout her work she has an interest in sustainable land use and the challenge of meeting future primary resource needs in an increasingly resource-constrained world, and in the cross-sectoral task of understanding and meeting the investment needs that arise from this. Prior to joining the Bank Jane worked with the European Environment Agency in Copenhagen, where she specialised on impacts of climate change on biodiversity; agri-environmental policy design; and policy effectiveness analysis. She has also worked with the Irish Environmental Protection Agency and the European Commission (DG ENV). 

Kate Horner, EIA

Kate Horner is the Director of Forest Campaigns for the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) US in Washington, DC. She oversees a team that together conducts investigations of illegal timber trade, supports local partners' capacity strengthening and advocates for enactment and implementation of demand side measures. Previously, she was the Trade and Forest Policy Analyst at Friends of the Earth US, where she served as an expert at multiple United Nations and World Bank meetings and as an advisor to several developing country governments. She also served on the Citizen Trade Campaign's Executive Committee, guiding national trade policy advocacy strategies. She has authored several policy papers related to forest and climate policy as well as on the negative impacts of trade and investment agreements. She has been featured in The Washington Post, The Guardian and The New York Times. She also has experience as a political campaign manager, community organizer, researcher and editor.

Rupert Oliver, ITTO

Rupert Oliver is Lead Consultant to the FLEGT Independent Market Monitoring (IMM) Project. IMM is a multi-year project supervised by the International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO) and financed by the EU to support VPA implementation. The IMM objective is to monitor how the EU and wider international market for FLEGT licensed timber develops during the life of the VPA. IMM also aims to build on the opportunity presented by the development of legality assurance systems to improve the quality of timber trade statistics and effectiveness of timber market development programmes for timber from VPA countries. Rupert Oliver has been an independent consultant to the international timber industry for 20 years, specialising in analysis of trade flows, consumption patterns and impacts of policy instruments to promote legal and sustainable forestry practices.

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