Voluntary Partnership Agreements

A Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) is a legally binding trade agreement between the European Union and a timber-producing country outside the EU.
The purpose of a VPA is to en­sure that timber and timber products exported to the EU come from legal sources. The agreements also help timber-exporting countries stop illegal logging by improving regulation and governance of the forest sector.

VPA partner countries

Six countries have signed a VPA with the EU and are currently developing the systems needed to control, verify and license legal timber. One of these, Indonesia, is issuing FLEGT licences. These countries are known as ‘VPA partner countries'.

Nine more countries are in negotiations with the EU. A number of countries have expressed interest in receiving more information about the VPA process.

VPA countries


 VPA countries

 Work on other countries

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Central and South America 


  • Myanmar
  • China
  • Cambodia


VPA Unpacked is available online in English, French and Spanish. As a PDF, it is available in Thai and Burmese.