Indonesia

All about the Indonesia-EU Voluntary Partnership Agreement

Indonesia

Indonesia covers about 181.2 million hectares, spread over 17,000 islands. About 70% of its land area is categorised as forested, with half allocated for production purposes. A significant proportion of the country’s forest area is degraded and/or destined for conversion.

Indonesia is one of the world's largest exporters of tropical timber products, which are produced from logging activities in natural forests, industrial plantations and household-managed small-scale plantings, as well as from imported timber. Indonesia exports a wide variety of timber products, ranging from plywood, pulp and paper to furniture and handicrafts. The value of this trade was US$ 9.3 billion in 2016.

The main export markets are in Asia (China, Japan and South Korea). Indonesia is also by far the biggest VPA-country trade partner of the EU, exporting timber products worth just over one billion euros in 2016.

In 2003, Indonesia started to develop an operator-based timber control system for all its timber exports, building on a mandatory third-party certification approach for legality and sustainability. The system, called SVLK, became the basis for the timber legality assurance system under Indonesia’s Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the EU. The VPA covers all exports, and its coverage will expand to include the domestic market on a stepwise basis.

On 15 November 2016 Indonesia began issuing FLEGT licences to verified legal timber products exported to the EU. In following 12 months, Indonesia issued more than 39,000 licences for shipments exported to all 28 EU Member States, with a total value of more than one billion euros (for more information see Indonesia’s SILK database).

VPA status

VPA status

 

Detailed information on efforts by Indonesia and the EU to tackle illegal logging through a Voluntary Partnership Agreement.

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Find out what impact the Voluntary Partnership Agreement between Indonesia and the EU is having on the ground.

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Get answers to some common questions on the Indonesia-EU Voluntary Partnership Agreement.

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Related links 

All about what is a VPA and how it is structured.

All about what FLEGT licences are and how they can benefit businesses in the EU as well as timber producers in countries outside the EU.

FLEGT.org is a one-stop centre where members can access and share news, research, training materials and many other resources.

Navigate the map to find out about past and ongoing FLEGT projects around the world.

The knowledge sharing platform for development cooperation of the European Commission where you can share, learn and collaborate with development professionals.

All about the EU Timber Regulation that aims to reduce illegal logging by ensuring that no illegal timber or timber products can be sold in the EU.