The EU and China work together to combat illegal logging and associated trade globally through the Bilateral Coordination Mechanism (BCM) on Forest Law Enforcement and Governance.
Current activities include
China-Indonesia-EU trilateral dialogue
Discussing and providing inputs to guidelines and Chinese Legality Verification initiatives
Conducting research on the flows in the timber trade between China and Myanmar
Analysing the circulation and processing in China of timber harvested in the Russian Far East
Conducting a review of investment and the timber trade between China and the six VPA signatory countries
EU–China cooperation to stop illegal logging
What is the Bilateral Coordination Mechanism (BCM)?
The EU and China established a Bilateral Coordination Mechanism (BCM) on Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) in 2009, following an EU-China Forest Law Enforcement and Governance conference in Beijing in 2007. Through the BCM, the EU and China work together to stop illegal logging and the associated trade in illegal timber globally. The BCM is a forum for policy dialogue, and a mechanism for sharing information on policies and legal frameworks, and for coordinating initiatives stop illegal logging and associated trade.
Representatives of the EU and China sign the Bilateral Coordination Mechanism Agreement in Brussels, 30 January 2009
How does the BCM work?
Under the BCM, China and the EU meet each year to share information on policy and discuss activities. China is represented by the State Forestry Administration (SFA) and the EU is represented by the Directorate-General Environment of the European Commission (EC). At the meetings, the two parties discuss areas of mutual interest and agree on annual work plans that contribute to the policy objectives of the BCM. All work plans are available here. The Chinese Academy of Forestry and the EU FLEGT Facility jointly manage activities set out in the work plans. They regularly report progress to China and the EU, and conduct mid-term evaluations of work plans.
The BCM frames an integrated set of activities which are carried out through the annual work plans. The EU Member States closely coordinate their work on FLEGT with the European Commission to ensure it supports BCM objectives. One important example of this work is the International Foreign Investment and Trade (InFIT) project of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) Forest, Governance, Markets and Climate (FGMC) programme.
What work is taking place under the BCM?
Under the BCM, China and the EU are exploring opportunities to develop a shared approach to recognising the legality verification schemes for timber and timber products of timber-exporting countries, including those that are participating in bilateral trade agreements called FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs).
The two parties are exchanging information and coordinating training on codes of conduct for European and Chinese businesses operating in timber-producing countries, and on private and public procurement policies. They are facilitating business contacts among EU and Chinese private sector operators, as well as operators in timber-producing countries. The goal of this work is to improve information about the supply chains of timber products.
The two parties are also identifying policy and research priorities, and conducting studies. For a list of current and past activities under the BCM, click here.
Timber legality training workshop in Dongguan in April 2011. The EU and China work together to strengthen the capacity of the private sector in meeting timber legality requirements
Current activities under the BCM .
Under the BCM, the EU and China are:
- Supporting the further development of the CTLVS, taking into consideration EU experiences with the EU Timber Regulation (EUTR) and in countries negotiating or that have signed VPAs
- Working on a China-Indonesia-EU trilateral dialogue on stopping the trade in illegal timber and timber products. The EU and China are examining the trade in forest products between Indonesia and China. They are also developing specific options to integrate FLEGT-licensed timber in the development of the Chinese Timber Legality Verification System (CTLVS). China and Indonesia are continuing discussions at government level to further foster understanding of each party’s efforts and to discuss further collaboration
- Improving information exchange and policy dialogue on the trade in timber and timber products between China and neighbouring countries. The two parties have conducted research on the timber trade between China and Myanmar, taking into consideration EU initiatives on FLEGT. The primary outcomes of the study are available in Burmese, Chinese and English. Stakeholders on both sides of the China-Myanmar border discussed the initial findings of the study at meetings in Kunming, Yunnan, China, 22-23 April 2015 and in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, 24-25 September 2015
- Analysing the circulation and processing in China of timber harvested in the Russian Far East to the point of export to the EU. A study and policy recommendations on the flow of Russian hardwood are being finalised
- Conducting a review of investment and the timber trade between China and the six countries that have signed VPAs. The report is being finalised
- Collaborating with the European Investment Bank, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank in the context of China’s One Belt, One Road strategy. The two parties are exploring how Chinese banks can provide incentives that support reforestation initiatives and adoption of responsible purchasing policies for forestry products
- Bringing together stakeholders in countries that have signed VPAs, Chinese policy makers and stakeholders in Chinese industry to understand and appreciate the work countries are doing
- Setting up a Common Information Window where private sector operators in China and the EU can access information on market requirements
- Discussing and providing inputs to the Guide on Sustainable Overseas Forests Management and Utilisation by Chinese Enterprises and the Guideline on Sustainable Overseas Forest Trade. This includes providing inputs for the development of monitoring and evaluation components
- Analysing the feasibility of developing policies to promote legally sourced timber and timber products in China
Previous activities under the BCM
Under the BCM, the EU and China have:
- Organised meetings with Russian and Chinese stakeholders to discuss the cross-border timber trade between the two countries
- Conducted a campaign to raise awareness in the Chinese private sector of the requirements of the EU timber market
- Supported capacity building for key stakeholders in China on forest governance, and regional and international FLEGT activities
- Supported meetings of private sector representatives in the EU, China and timber-producing countries to meet and share information
- Conducted a joint study on the impact of the EU Timber Regulation on small and medium-sized enterprises in China
- Conducted a baseline study to develop an overview of forest governance, markets and trade in China [English] [Chinese]
- Briefing: Timber trade flows and investments between China and VPA countries 04.04.2017
- EU and China boost cooperation to promote legal timber trade 17.02.2017
- Open job: Senior FLEGT Policy Advisor for China and Regional Asia 07.07.2016
- The EU and China are combatting illegal logging through a Bilateral Coordination Mechanism 06.07.2016
- Officials from China discuss legal timber trade with tropical wood suppliers from the Pacific region 28.05.2014
- Experts from APEC countries share experiences in developing timber legality assurance systems at workshop in China 07.05.2014
- Chinese timber industry and rosewood producing countries hold first meeting on rosewood imports 07.04.2014
- Industry leaders describe challenges to maintaining legal supply chains in Guangzhou 20.03.2014
- China and the EU discuss collaboration on forest governance 13.03.2014
- China and Russia discuss cross-border timber trade and timber legality 26.02.2014
- China and VPA countries share experiences stopping illegal trade in timber 22.11.2013
- Guidance on the EU Timber Regulation for VPA countries now available in Chinese 19.11.2013
- China develops guidelines for due diligence on timber imports from Papua New Guinea 14.11.2013
- VPA countries visit China to share lessons on combating the illegal timber trade 12.11.2013
- Companies exporting timber products to the EU, United States and Australia receive legality training 08.11.2013
- As China’s timber consumption slows, timber industry seeks information on timber legality around the world 06.11.2013
- Legality of Chinese timber imports and exports discussed in manufacturing cities in China 29.10.2013
- China’s agencies work with private sector on forest governance and industry standards 17.06.2013
- Inauguration: EFI’s EU FLEGT Asia China Office 15.11.2012
- Needs Assessment for the EU–China Joint Training Course on FLEGT undergoes peer review 26.09.2012
- Two new Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) documents translated 25.09.2012
- Peer Review of Needs Assessment for EU China Joint Training Course for FLEGT 18.09.2012
- Online database of large-scale land deals 30.04.2012
- FLEGT Outreach in China 02.04.2012
- Improving Forest Peoples Tenure Rights Reduces Poverty and Improves Forest Conditions, says New Study 09.11.2011
- China to actively take part in international cooperation on forestry 14.09.2011
- Champions of Asia-Pacific forests to win trip to Beijing 13.09.2011
- Timber Trade Flow Maps of China and the Mekong Region 27.07.2011
- Research shows that deforestation in Southeast Asia is still ongoing 05.07.2011
- Baseline Study China published 04.07.2011
- Study on sustainable consumption in China 25.04.2011
- Upcoming conference: “Forests, Markets, Policy & Practice” in Shanghai 12.04.2011
Factory manufacturing tongue and groove flooring boards near the China-Russia border. Under the BCM the EU and China have discussed China's cross-border timber trade, including the trade between China and the Russian Far East.