Indonesia's forests cover around 60% of its land area. Indonesia is one of the world's largest exporters of tropical timber. It exports a wide variety of timber products, ranging from plywood, pulp and paper to furniture and handicrafts. The main export destinations for its forest products are China, the EU, Japan and Korea.

Indonesia was one of the first countries to start negotiating a VPA with the EU. It was the first Asian country to initial a VPA.

Indonesia is developing the systems needed to control, verify and license legal timber. It will use these systems for all commercial timber and timber products produced, processed and purchased in Indonesia. The system will also cover all exports, both to EU countries and to other importing countries.




Voluntary Partnership Agreement status

  • FLEGT licencing started: 15 November 2016 
  • VPA entry into force: 1 May 2014
  • VPA ratified: April 2014
  • VPA signed: 30 September 2013
  • VPA agreed: 4 May 2011
  • Negotiations started: March 2007

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